Bromeliad Care Guide
Bromeliads are unique plants of the Bromeliaceae family. These easy houseplants are generally purchased for their flowers. However, many people might not know that a Bromeliad blooms only once in its entire lifetime. Their leaves can be yellow, green, purple, yellow, or orange and be striped, spotted, or variegated, making them a beautiful foliage plant. Their flowers come in just as many colors as their leaves. You can find them with red, green, purple, yellow, or orange flowers.
Bromeliads are native to the tropical and subtropical Americas and can be grown outdoors as perennials in zones 10-11, but they are most commonly grown indoors as a potted plant. This easy houseplant is slow growing and typically takes two to three years to reach maturity, at which time it will bloom. While these plants are easy to care for, they do require specific conditions to bloom.
Fun Fact: Pineapples are in the bromeliad family.
How to Care for Bromeliads
The conditions required for a bromeliad to bloom are specific to the variety you have. Day length, humidity, watering, feeding, and temperature all affect when a bromeliad blooms. You will need to know the species you have in order to find the right conditions for blooming. You can also force it to bloom, which is discussed later.
Bromeliads are kind of like orchids in that they can be either terrestrial or epiphytic. This means they either grow in soil or cling to trees where they absorb nutrients through their leaves. There is actually a third type called saxicolous. This variety grows in rocks, usually on sheer cliff faces, and its roots find water and nutrients through cracks and fissures. This variety is not commonly grown as a houseplant.